Medico Research Chronicles <p style="text-align: justify;"><code></code>Medico Research Chronicles (Medrech) ISSN No. <a href="">2394-3971</a>, is an official journal of Medico Edge Publications. It is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal of medical and health sciences, published on bi-monthly intervals. It publishes various manuscripts on the diverse specialization of medical, health science, and clinical research.</p> <p>Indexed by the&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href=""><strong>United States'&nbsp;NLM Catalogue, NCBI</strong></a></p> <p>Successfully reviewed for 2018 by <strong>Index Copernicus and assigned ICV Value 87.17 </strong></p> <p>COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.</p> <p>Get the latest public health information from CDC:&nbsp;<a href="">https://www</a><a href=""></a></p> <p>Get the latest research from NIH:&nbsp;<a href=""></a></p> Medico Edge Publications en-US Medico Research Chronicles 2394-3971 Behaviour modification of intellectual disabled children with psychoneurobics <p>An intellectual disability is defined as an IQ below 70 and deficits in adaptive behavior or daily living skills (eating, dressing, communication, participate in a group activity). Children with intellectual disabilities learn slowly and have difficulty with abstract concepts. Children with intellectual disabilities have a wide range of needs and most exhibit behavioral problems. Around 7-15% of children with ID have severely challenging behavioral problems. The nature and severity of these behavioral problems vary with the degree of Intellectual Disability. Modification of behavioral problems in children is a great concern for parents in India. In the present study, it will be attempted to analyze the efficacy of Psycho Neurobics, innovative techniques designed by my Guru and guide Dr. Chandrashekhar Tiwari, founder president of SIGFA Institute of Research and Development, Faridabad, Haryana, India, for behavioral modification provided to 12 students with ID in Delhi, India. The results of this study on behavior modification of intellectually disabled students with the help of their parents are very much overwhelming and encouraging.</p> Pranati Raj Chandrasekhar Tiwari Copyright (c) 2020-11-01 2020-11-01 7 5 250 258 10.26838/MEDRECH.2020.7.5.447 Psychoneurobic programming for sustainability of mental health during lockdown <p>Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China in December 2019. On 11th March 2020, WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic and reiterated the call for countries to take immediate actions and scale up the response to treat, detect and reduce transmission to save people’s lives. The COVID-19 global crisis has given rise to the new normal way of surviving, both personally and professionally. With individuals restricted within the four walls of their homes, mental health has taken a severe hit. Sixty-one percent of Indians are experiencing mental health-related issues because of the uncertainty and looming financial crisis during the lockdown as per the survey conducted by The Mavericks India. Women are struggling more than men as their workload has increased significantly with them carrying multiple responsibilities without any assistance from domestic helpers.</p> <p>It is crucial for the wellbeing of the people to lower down the effect of mental stresses to heal Psychosomatic diseases like mood, anxiety disorders, loss of memory, diabetes, obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, thyroid, chronic back pain, arthritis, migraine, respiratory disorder, hepatitis, sleep disorders, kidney problems, allergies, muscular atrophy, etc. are more prevalent and the incidence of schizophrenia has increased. In the present study, it will be shown the effectiveness of Psycho Neurobics, innovative techniques designed by my Guru, and guide Dr. Chandrashekhar Tiwari, founder president of SIGFA Institute of Research and Development, Faridabad, Haryana, India, on psychosomatic disorders arising due to lockdown. The results will be statistically analyzed and the probability for complete healing will be discussed.</p> Rajeev Kumar Pranati Raj Chandrasekhar Tiwari Copyright (c) 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 7 5 259 271 10.26838//MEDRECH.2020.7.5.448 Relationship between various indications and endoscopic findings in patients presenting to the tertiary care hospital in Peshawar <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the relationship of various indications for upper GI endoscopy with the positive findings after endoscopic evaluation and biopsy.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Material and methods:</strong> prospective analytical study, at the department of medicine Kuwait Teaching Hospital Peshawar from 1st January 2015 till 31st December 2015. &nbsp;After approval from ethical research committee the study was conducted with patients recruited through non probability consecutive sampling presenting to the OPD.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Results:</strong> Among the total 1499 patients examined 18% were females and 82% were males. The data was stratified in to various age groups and the indications for endoscopy were assessed accordingly, the highest no. 78.7% (1180)&nbsp; presented with retrosternal burning, 38.8% (581) presented dyspepsia, 10.8% (161) presented with gastro esophageal reflux, 10.4%(156) has unexplained anemia, 10% (151) had persistent vomiting, (8.2%) 123 reported dysphagia, 6.3%(101) reported chronic diarrhea, and 2.2% (33) presented with hematemesis.&nbsp; endoscopy showed 43.5 % (651) with normal findings, 27.2% ( 407), pan hemorrhagic gastritis, 8.3% (124) reflux esophagitis, 6.2% (93) had gastric adenocarcinoma, esophageal carcinoma was found in 2.9 % (75). other findings were, &nbsp;H. Pylori gastritis in (33) 1.83%,&nbsp; esophageal candidiasis in (29) 2% of the cases, gastric ulcer in 24 (1.6%) , duodenal ulcer in ( 25) 1.6%, &nbsp;duedenitis in (12) 0.8%, achalasia in (9) 0.6%, &nbsp;duodenal growth in&nbsp; (5) 0.3% , Antral gastritis in (5) 0.3%, villous atrophy in 4 (0.26%)&nbsp; Barrett`s esophagus in (2) 0.1%, and drug induced ulcer in 0.06% (1). &nbsp;The result showed, age having no significant relationship with any of the indications whereas sex association showed Melena being common in males and GERD and unexplained abdominal pain in females. Results of Cohort study shows that symptoms like PMD, and Melena has a negative relationship with endoscopic findings suggesting a very limited role of these indications for a subsequent endoscopy ,Whereas dyspepsia, Anaemia, unexplained abdominal pain, Dysphagia, GERD and hematemesis are valid indicators as they bear a positive relationship with AEF.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> . Symptoms like post-meal distension and melena found are misleading indications, whereas nonresponsive dyspepsia, unexplained anemia, unexplained abdominal pain, dysphagia, and GERD, and hematemesis are all valid indications for upper GI endoscopy.</p> saima mehboob Noor Mohammad Mohammad Abbas Saleem Shah Copyright (c) 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 7 5 272 286 10.26838/MEDRECH.2020.7.5.443 Role of Dental Professional in COVID-19 pandemic : A comprehensive review <p>SARS-CoV-2, a virus causing severe acute respiratory syndrome, has inundated the whole world, generating global health concerns. The World Health Organization announced that the outbreaks of the novel coronavirus have constituted a public health emergency of international concern. Transmission occurs primarily through droplet spread or contact routes. Due to the characteristics of dental settings, the risk of cross infection can be high between patients and dental practitioners. Dental specialists in the upcoming days will likely come across patients with presumed or confirmed COVID-19 and will have to ensure stringent infection prevention and control to prevent its nosocomial spread. Therefore, a greater understanding of the structure of the virus, modes of transmission, clinical features, and testing methods is needed that can help to form protocols for dental practices to identify cases and prevent further spread of infection to the patients.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr Preeti Dhir Ramandeep Singh Punia Sandeep Kumar Bains Copyright (c) 2020-10-21 2020-10-21 7 5 297 304 10.26838/MEDRECH.2020.7.5.450 Surgical crown lengthening for enhanced esthetics and function in full mouth rehabilitation: a case report <p>Full mouth rehabilitation is one of the most challenging treatment procedures in dentistry because it requires comprehensive diagnosis and systematic treatment planning to reach the best outcome that optimizes function, health and aesthetics. Crown lengthening procedures have become an integral component of the aesthetic armamentarium. To utilize crown lengthening, understanding the concept of biologic width is of particular importance. Surgical crown lengthening plays a crucial role in creating a healthy and harmonious relationship of the gingiva and bone levels to gain sound tooth structure, which can be restored in cases of short clinical crowns. This article describes surgical crown lengthening for full mouth rehabilitation in a 26-year-old female patient with inadequate clinical crown height.</p> Clarence Dias Sandeep Lawande James Samuel Copyright (c) 2020 Medico Research Chronicles 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 7 5 305 311 10.26838/MEDRECH.2020.7.5.457