Review article on Thalassemia

  • iqra tabassum lahore garrison university
  • Aruba Maryam Iqbal Lahore Garrison University, Pakistan
  • Mahum Sajjad Lahore Garrison University, Pakistan
  • Kehkashan Lahore Garrison University, Pakistan
Keywords: prenatal diagnosis, premarital screening, molecular defects, prevalence

Abstract

Thalassemia is a hereditary blood disorder which is passed down through families in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin. This disorder results in the destruction of red blood cell in large number, which leads to anemia. It is caused by mutation in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin. Thalassemia should be prevented by premarital screening and prenatal diagnosis which is helpful in decreasing prevalence and future incidence of thalassemia.The most important problem in thalassemia patients are iron overload, cardiac arrhythmia, hepatitis, osteoporosis and endocrine disorder however there are typical signs and symptoms of anemia. People with thalassemia can get treatment as indicated by the degree of seriousness of their condition. Blood transfusion is the common treatment for thalassemia. This review presents the types, diagnosis, prevalence, complications and treatment of thalassemia.

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CITATION
DOI: 10.26838/MEDRECH.2021.8.1.471
Published: 2021-01-25
How to Cite
1.
iqra tabassum, Iqbal AM, Sajjad M, Kehkashan. Review article on Thalassemia. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 2021Jan.25 [cited 2021Apr.20];8(1):42-6. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/471
Section
Review Article