Submission Preparation ChecklistAs part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
Original Research Article
An article is considered original research if:
- It is a study report written by the investigators who were actually doing the study.
- The researchers should describe their hypothesis or research question and the purpose of the study.
- The researchers should detail their research methods.
- The results of the research must be reported.
- The researchers interpret their results and discuss possible implications.
All the articles that are accepted as an original research article should have the ethical clearance required for the human, animal trial, or experiment as requisite. The contributors in terms of facility or fund must be acknowledged.
A review article, also called a review of related literature, is a survey of previous research works on a subject matter. It should provide an idea of the latest concept thought process and will not introduce new experimental data apart from an original research article. Many systematic reviews may come to different conclusions by reviewing a wide quantity of evidence from the current studies. Review papers may also include guidance for the further exploration of potential research areas. Author/s must target at presenting an analysis that provides a strong understanding of what is 'well known' and what needs to be solved as a 'mystery.'
Once you have compiled the necessary information, these basic sections should be included in a draft of your report, but these vary based on the evaluation orders or your specific case study:
Introduction: Define the critical issues and questions in the case study. Establish and include a statement of hypothesis which summarizes the findings of your study in 1–2 sentences.
Background Set the scene: Background information, relevant facts, and the most important issues. Demonstrate that you have researched the problems in this case study. Evaluation of the Case Outline the various pieces of the case study that you are focusing on. Evaluate these pieces by discussing what is working and what is not working. State why these parts of the case study are or are not working well.
Proposed Solution/Changes Provide specific and realistic solution(s) or changes needed. Explain why this solution was chosen. Support this solution with solid evidence, such as:
- Concepts from class (text readings, discussions, lectures).
- Outside research
- Personal experience (anecdotes)
- Determine and discuss specific strategies for accomplishing the proposed solution.
- If applicable, recommend further action to resolve some of the issues.
The case series consists of two to five relevant clinical cases with identical presentations. There would be a sequence of serious medical conditions or a few rare diseases. The text must not surpass 1500 words & is subdivided i.e. abstract, introduction, case study, and discussion, and contains a brief abstract of around 100 words with 3 to 5 keywords.
These articles communicate brief reports of original research results which many researchers suggest would be of concern to editors, and will likely stimulate further research in the field. As they are relatively short the format is useful for scientists with time-sensitive results (for example, those in highly competitive or quickly-changing disciplines). This format often has clear restrictions of size, so some experimental information may not be published until the authors write a full manuscript of the original research. These papers are sometimes referred to as Brief Communications.
Letter To The Editor
Letters written to the editor or author should include objective, meaningful perspectives or discussions on areas of medical, scientific, or general interest. They should have an objective, and with a brief, clear language, give a message. An important consideration while writing a letter to the editor:
- It should deliver an understandable message
- It should comply with the journal’s format
- It should contain adequate, and important information about the article.
- Generally, it should be written to deliver objective and constructive comments on published articles.
- They should be brief, and conclusive.