GENDER DETERMINATION BY PANTOMOGRAPHIC (OPG) ANALYSIS OF MENTAL FORAMEN IN NORTH GUJARAT POPULATION- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

  • Dr. Priya Sahni HOD and Professor, Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat
  • Dr. Ronak J. Patel Third year post graduate Student,Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat
  • Dr. Shylaja Reader Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat
  • Dr. Jaydeva H. M Reader Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat
  • Dr. Anil Patel Third year post graduate Student,Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat
Keywords: panoramic radiographs, North Gujarat population, lower border of mandible(S-L), lower border of mandible (I-L)

Abstract

Aim- To determine the gender using mental foramen as a landmark on panoramic radiographs in selected North Gujarat population.

Objective-

  1. To evaluate and compare the superior border of the mental foramen to lower border of the mandible(S-L) and inferior border of the mental foramen to lower border of mandible(I-L) value in males and females bilaterally.
  2. To compare the S-L and I-L between right and left side in males and female.
  3. To utilize the above measurements for gender determination.

Materials and Method- Sixty panoramic radiographs were selected for the analysis of mental foramen. Tangents were drawn through the superior and inferior borders of the foramen (S-L and I-L respectively) and perpendicular from the tangents to the lower border of the mandible bilaterally. Digital vernier caliper was used for the distance measurement from S-L and I-L. The data obtained were tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis.

Result- The analyzed data of the study showed that the mean values of comparison of S-L as well as I-L in males and females were significantly higher in males as compared to females. The comparison of SL and IL on the right and left side in the same patient was without any significant difference.

Conclusion- The results of the present study concluded a definite sexual dimorphism in the position of the mental foramen from the base of the mandible; this method can be applied in a mass disaster where the fragments of the mandible are available.

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How to Cite
1.
Sahni P, Patel RJ, Shylaja, H. M J, Patel A. GENDER DETERMINATION BY PANTOMOGRAPHIC (OPG) ANALYSIS OF MENTAL FORAMEN IN NORTH GUJARAT POPULATION- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 2015Nov.10 [cited 2024Jun.20];2(6):701-6. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/137
Section
Original Research Article