SCREENING OF DRY EYE DISEASE AMONG AGRICULTURE WORKERS AT A RURAL TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

  • Dr. Debabrata Das Associate Professor, Dept. of Ophthalmology, Midnapore Medical College, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India
  • Dr. Sourav Santra Junior Resident, Dept. of Ophthalmology, Midnapore Medical College, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India
Keywords: Dry eye disease, SPEED questionnaire, Schirmer’s test, tear film break-up time

Abstract

The aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence of dry eye disease and association of its various risk factors among agriculture workers attending outpatient ophthalmology department of a rural tertiary care hospital. This was a cross-sectional study of 1322 workers between 21 to 70 years of age presenting with various ocular problems from January 2016 to December 2016. Standard patient evaluation of eye dryness (SPEED) questionnaire, Schirmer’s test and tear film break-up time (TFBUT) tests were used for diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED). Out of total 1322 workers, 789(59.68 %) were males and 533(40.32%) were female. The DED was diagnosed in 167 (12.63%) workers. The study population was divided into six groups according to their ages. The DED in 95(56.88%) workers of 61-70 years age were highest among the age groups. Male: female ratio was 2.27:1 among workers with dry eye. The commonest symptom was dryness grittiness or scratchiness. Low Schirmer’s test values (< 10 mm) were found in 132 (79.04%) workers and TFBUT value was less than 10 seconds in 141 (84.43%) workers. DED was present in 163(13.05%) workers among 1249 smokers, 158(13.75%) workers among 1149 with more than 4 hours sunlight exposure and 117 (14.74%) workers among 794 with history of frequent alcohol consumption. These factors were significantly associated with DED with p value <0.05. The prevalence of DED was found to be significantly associated with age, male gender, smoking, more sunlight exposures and alcohol consumption.

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How to Cite
1.
Dr. Debabrata Das, Dr. Sourav Santra. SCREENING OF DRY EYE DISEASE AMONG AGRICULTURE WORKERS AT A RURAL TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 2017Jun.30 [cited 2022Jan.18];4(03):266-74. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/240
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Original Research Article