VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONATION IN A CENTRAL STATE OF INDIA; MADHYA PRADESH
Introduction: Human blood is an essential component of human life which is universally recognized as the most precious element that sustains life. The safest blood is blood acquired from regular, voluntary, non-remunerated blood donors from low-risk populations. The aim of the transfusion services is to provide a safe, sufficient and timely supply of blood and blood components to needy patients.
Aim: Present study is aimed to know the status of voluntary blood donation and transfusion facilities in Madhya Pradesh.
Materials and Methods: A total of 1657491 blood donors, donated their blood over a period of six years (1st January 2012 to 31st December 2017) at the NACO supported blood banks of Madhya Pradesh were included in the study. Data of blood donors, age, sex, type of donation, etc including their TTIs status was collected, retrieved, tabulated, summarized and compared statistically by frequency distribution and percentage proportion at Madhya Pradesh AIDS Control Society Bhopal. Chi-square (X2) test was applied to know the significant (p-value) ratio of difference statistically.
Result: In the Present study voluntary blood donation was 91.9% statistically significant (p= 0.000001). Male to female ratio of blood donors in the study was 94% male to 6% female. Majority of donors (65.5 %) were of the aged between 21 to 40 years. Prevalence of TTIS among blood donors in the study was 2.01% (n=33408/1657491), statistically significant (p= 0.000001).
Conclusion: The status of transfusion services and voluntary blood donation in the state is satisfactory and more work has to be done to achieve the national targets.
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