THE EFFECT OF VACCINATION AND CHILDHOOD MORBIDITY ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA

  • Okari Tamunoiyowuna Grace Department of Paediatrics, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • West Boma Awoala Department of Paediatrics, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Keywords: Childhood morbidity, Vaccination, Nutritional status, Preschool children, Niger Delta

Abstract

Background: Malnutrition is a major contributor to childhood morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. Lack of vaccination and recurrent childhood diseases are important contributors to the burden of malnutrition in these countries.

Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in Okrika town, the headquarters of Okrika Local Government Area in Rivers State, Nigeria. A multistage random sampling method was used to recruit 410 under-fives. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain demographic and vaccination data, history of diarrhoea, fever and respiratory tract infection.

Results: Of 410 under-fives studied, 217 (52.9%) were males. Forty three (10.5%) were underweight, 219 (53.4%) fully vaccinated, 42 (10.2%) unvaccinated while 56 (13.6%) and 68 (16.5%) had fever and symptoms of respiratory tract infection (RTI) respectively. The prevalence of underweight malnutrition was significantly higher among unvaccinated children (26.2%), among those with RTI (23.5%), fever (21.4%) and diarrhoea (30.8%). The risk of underweight malnutrition was 3.6 times and 2.8 times higher in those with RTI and fever respectively.

Conclusion: Complete vaccination, prevention and prompt treatment of childhood illnesses among under-fives will improve their nutritional status.

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How to Cite
1.
Okari Tamunoiyowuna Grace, West Boma Awoala. THE EFFECT OF VACCINATION AND CHILDHOOD MORBIDITY ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 2019Jun.30 [cited 2022Jan.18];6(3):117-24. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/379
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Original Research Article