Surgical outcome of optical penetrating keratoplasty in a rural tertiary care hospital
Introduction: Optical Penetrating Keratoplasty (OPKP) is the gold standard surgical treatment for full-thickness corneal lesions and it is a well-established effective and safe technique. We conducted this study to verify the surgical outcome of OPKP at our rural hospital.
Aims and Objectives: To study the surgical outcome of OPKP in relation to corneal graft Clarity, Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA), and Post-Operative Complications (POC)
Material and Methodology: In this prospective longitudinal hospital-based study we obtained postoperative data from patient’s records operated for OPKP from August 2018 to October 2019 after taking permission from IEC and patient’s consent. We included 22 patients who completed a minimum one-year follow-up.
Results: Out of 22 OPKPs, 50.00% were males. 18.18% of patients were in the 41-50 yrs age group. 1) Graft clarity was seen in 59.09%. 2) BCVA > 6/18was observed in 9.09% pts. 3) POC – Graft failure was seen in 18.18%. Epithelial defect, Raised IOP, Uveitis, Cataract and Corneal vascularization were other problems.
Conclusion: Though graft failure is a major complication, OPKP gives good BCVA and faster visual rehabilitation.
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