Etiological Profile Of Viral Hepatitis In North India: A Cross Sectional Study

  • Dr. Puneet Bali Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Military Hospital Jalandhar, Jalandhar Cantt, Punjab, India - 144005
  • Dr. Ashwin Arora Head of Department, Department of Pediatrics, Military Hospital Jalandhar, Jalandhar cantt, Punjab, India - 144005
  • Dr. Manish Kumar Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Military Hospital Jalandhar, Jalandhar cantt, Punjab, India - 144005
Keywords: Viral hepatitis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Potable water, RO water, Vaccination

Abstract

Introduction: Viral hepatitis continues to remain an important public health concern, particularly in developing nations like India. Majority of such cases present with a mild anicteric illness in children. Severe illness, including progression to acute liver failure, is also known to occur.

Objective: To study the seroprevalence of markers of viral hepatitis in children less than 5 years, who present with jaundice.

Materials and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study on 397 children less than 5 years of age who presented with jaundice to the hospital. The study population was screened for serological markers of the hepatotropic viruses. A structured questionnaire was drafted to enquire about the immunization status and source of potable water. Statistical analysis used: Statistical analysis was performed using the Epi Info software 3.5.4 version 2012.

Results: Our study showed that Hepatitis A was the commonest cause of acute viral hepatitis in children less than 5 years of age, followed by Hepatitis E virus. Hepatitis A and E co-infection was the most common type of co-infection. Conclusion: The efficacy of vaccination against Hepatitis A and B has been reiterated in our study. Using any method of water filtration protects against Hepatitis A and E infection.

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CITATION
DOI: 10.26838/MEDRECH.20218.3.521
Published: 2021-06-04
How to Cite
1.
Bali P, Arora A, Kumar M. Etiological Profile Of Viral Hepatitis In North India: A Cross Sectional Study. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 2021Jun.4 [cited 2021Jun.19];8(3):200-5. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/500
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Original Research Article