Factors associated with low back pain in adult: a study in a tertiary care hospital of Bangladesh

  • Dr. Monjur Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College & Hospital, Bogura, Bangladesh
  • Dr. SM Atiqul Islam Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College & Hospital, Bogura, Bangladesh
  • Dr. Asif Rabbani Assistant Registrar, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College & Hospital, Bogura, Bangladesh
  • Dr. Md. Monjurul Momin Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Pabna Medical College, Pabna, Bangladesh
  • Dr. Mohammad Shafiullah Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Cumilla Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Dr Musa Muhammad Hojaifa Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Sheikh Hasina National Institute of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Keywords: Risk factors, Low back pain, LBP, Adult, Spine

Abstract

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a very common health problem in humans that may cause disability and can affect work performance and well-being. It can be acute, subacute, or chronic in condition. Although several risk factors of LBP have already been identified like occupational posture, age, depressive moods, body height, or obesity we have not enough research-based data regarding this issue.

Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with low back pain in adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College Hospital, Bogura, Bangladesh during the period from July 2019 to December 2020. In total 57 confirmed LBP patients were enrolled as the case group patients and 30 healthy people were included as the control group participants in this study. All the clinical data regarding LBP were collected by using a predesigned questioner. Data were processed analyzed and disseminated by MS Office and SPSS programs as per need.

Results: In analyzing the risk factors of low back pain among the participants we observed, 47% of case group participants were used to remain in a sitting position for 0-1 hours per day whereas it was found among 67% in the control group. Moreover, in the case group, 14% of participants used to remain in a sitting position for more than 6 hours per day which was only 7% in the control group. Besides age (p=0.004) among several possible risk factors, in this study, we found a significant correlation of low back pain in the duration of sitting position between the case and control groups, where the p-value was 0.006.

Conclusion: Continuation of a long time sitting position is a harmful thing for the human musculoskeletal system. Now a day the lifestyle factors should be assessed with more attention for detecting the basic etiology of low back pain.

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CITATION
DOI: 10.26838/MEDRECH.2021.8.5.557
Published: 2021-10-21
How to Cite
1.
Ahmed M, Islam SA, Rabbani A, Khan MMM, Shafiullah M, Hojaifa MM. Factors associated with low back pain in adult: a study in a tertiary care hospital of Bangladesh. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 2021Oct.21 [cited 2022May22];8(5):455-61. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/536
Section
Original Research Article