Sociodemographic & clinical-pathological evaluation of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among Bangladeshi population: A single center study
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a term that refers to a variety of clinicopathological abnormalities in the liver that are a leading cause of hepatic dysfunction and mortality. Obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome are all contributing to an expanding health problem that goes unreported. There is a scarcity of population-based data in a representative sample of the general population in Bangladesh. Aim of the study: The aims of the study were to evaluate the socio-demographic & clinical-pathological non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among the Bangladeshi population. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2019 to December 2019 at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. This study was purposefully conducted among 35 participants. Results: Among 35 participants, the mean age of the participants was 38.89±8.50 years. Maximum participants (80%) were female and housewives (68.6%). And 60% of participants’ socioeconomic status was a middle-class state. Maximum (48.6%) participants had diabetes mellitus (DM) and obesity (42.9%). The HBs Ag and Anti-HCV were negative among all participants. Their mean body weight was 72.74±8.74 and their mean body height was 61.37±2.67. Here, the odds ratio of the stiffness of liver CAP was 0.75 and the odds ratio of fibroscan of liver CAP was 1.00. Conclusion: NAFLD affects almost one-third of Bangladesh's population. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is more common in people with a high BMI (overweight and obese), diabetics, and people in their forties and fifties. The scope of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is enormous, and healthcare institutions must act quickly. As a result, a focused treatment strategy for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease should be developed.
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