Epidemiology, incidence, etiology, complications and outcome of Acute Pancreatitis in Kashmiri Population: A retrospective hospital based single centre study.

  • Dr. Neeraj Dhar DM, Gastroenterology, Consultant, Accord Superspeciality, Faridabad
  • Dr. Sayed Mushfiq Shafi DM, Gastroenterology, Consultant, Accord Superspeciality, Faridabad
  • Dr. Jaswinder Singh Professor, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, JK UT
  • Dr. G.M. Gulzar Professor, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, JK UT
Keywords: Acute Pancreatitis, Inflammatory disease, Gallstone, Clinical profile and Severity of pancreatitis

Abstract

Introduction: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas. It can be initiated by several factors, including gallstones, alcohol, trauma, infections and hereditary factors. About 75% of pancreatitis is caused by gallstones or alcohol. According to the physical examination, radiological findings and laboratory results the etiology of the acute pancreatitis is diagnosed  as biliary or non-biliary.

Aims and Objectives: The present study aimed to study the clinical profile (incidence, etiology and outcome) of Kashmiri patients with acute pancreatitis.

Material and Methods: This was a hospital based retrospective study conducted in Srinagar for a period of 2 years w.e.f. September 2017 to September 2019  on 650 patients of all age groups with clinical/Laboratory/imaging findings suggestive of acute pancreatitis.  

Results: Our data revealed gallstone as most common etiological agent followed by idiopathic acute pancreatitis. Mild, moderately severe acute pancreatitis constitutes 48.61%, 24.61% and 26.76% of patients respectively. There is statistically significant association between high body mass index >25 Kg/m2, waist circumference >100 cm, high blood sugar >200 mg /dl, hematocrit >44, CRP >150 mg/d and worsening of acute pancreatitis.

Conclusion: The present study concluded that the Kashmir valley has increased number of cases of acute pancreatitis in recent years which is one of the major causes of admission in gastroenterology ward.

 

Key words: Acute Pancreatitis, Inflammatory disease, Gallstone, Clinical profile and Severity of pancreatitis.

 

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CITATION
DOI: 10.26838/MEDRECH.2022.9.4.606
Published: 2022-07-27
How to Cite
1.
Dhar N, Shafi SM, Singh J, Gulzar GM. Epidemiology, incidence, etiology, complications and outcome of Acute Pancreatitis in Kashmiri Population: A retrospective hospital based single centre study. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 2022Jul.27 [cited 2022Aug.18];9(4):212-23. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/584
Section
Original Research Article