• Ndibuagu Edmund O Department of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria
  • Omotowo Babatunde Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria, College of Medicine, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
  • Okafor Innocent I Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria
Keywords: Knowledge, Malaria, Formal, Education, Rural, Community


Malaria is endemic in many developing countries where it is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. An estimated 212 million cases of malaria occurred globally, resulting in 429,000 deaths; as against the 214 million cases recorded in 2014, that resulted in 438,000 deaths. It is still a major health challenge in Nigeria. It has been documented that formal education improves overall knowledge of malaria among the populace. The cardinal objective of this research is to assess the knowledge of residents of a rural community, on malaria with emphasis on causes, complications, prevention, and management of the disease. The study was conducted in Egede town, a rural community in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu state, Southeast Nigeria. The study was of observational, descriptive, cross-sectional design; and was carried out among rural residents who presented for a medical outreach activity in January 2015. The socio-demographic variables for the respondents showed that 53.0% had no formal education. On the knowledge of causes of malaria, the T - test of scores = 0.001; P value = 0.05, while the T - test of scores for knowledge of malaria complications = 0.0002; P value = 0.05. Ttest of scores for knowledge of malaria prevention = 0.002; P value = 0.05, and for the T - test of scores for the knowledge on management of malaria = 0.04; P value = 0.05. Respondents with formal education had significantly better knowledge than those without formal education.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Park K Parks Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 21st Edition. M/s Barnasidas Bhanot Publishers, Jabalpur, India, 2013.
2. Obionu CN Primary Health Care for Developing Countries, 3rd Edition. Ezu Books Ltd., Enugu, Nigeria, 2016.
3. World Health Organization. Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria, 3rd Edition. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2015.
4. World Health Organization. 2016 World Malaria Report. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2016.
5. United States Embassy in Nigeria. Nigeria Malaria Fact Sheets. USA Embassy Economic Section, Abuja, Nigeria, 2011. http://www.nigeria,usembassy.gov
6. Federal Ministry of Health. Annual Report on National Malaria Control Programme in Nigeria. FMoH, Abuja, Nigeria, 2005.
7. Federal Ministry of Health. National Policy on Malaria Diagnosis and Treatment. National Malaria and Vector Control Division. FMoH, Abuja, Nigeria, 2011.
8. World Health Organization. Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016 b- 2030. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2015.
9. National Malaria Elimination Programme. National Malaria Strategic Plan 2014 - 2020. FMoH, Abuja, Nigeria, 2014.
10. Erhun WO, Agbani EO, Adesanya SO. Malaria Prevention: Knowledge, attitude, and Practice in a Southwest Nigerian Community. Afri J Biomed Int
Res, 2005, 8:25 - 29.
11. Adedotun AA, Morenikeji AO, Odaibo AB. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices about Malaria in an urban community in southwestern Nigeria. J Vector Borne
Dis, 2010, 47:155 - 159.
12. Montgomery CM, Mwengee W, Kongongo M, Pool R. T help them is to educate them: Power and Pedagogy in the prevention and treatment of malaria in Tanzania. Trop. Med Int. Health, 2006, 11: 1661 - 1669.
13. Rodriquez AD, Penilla RP, HenryRodriquez M, Hemingway J, Francisco BA, Hernandez-Avilla JE. Knowledge and beliefs about malaria transmission and practices for vector control in southern Mexico. Salud Pulica Mex, 2003, 45: 110 - 116.
14. Ndibuagu EO, Arinze-Onyia SU, Igweagu PC. Knowledge of Causes and Complications of Malaria Among Residents of a Rural Community, Southeast Nigeria. Int. Res. J Med. Sci., 2016, Vol.4(11): 1 - 5.
15. Internet Search. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/enugu_state. Accessed October 23, 2016.
16. Robinson M, Davidson G. Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. Chambers Harraps Publishers Ltd, UK, 1999.
17. Mazigo HD, Obasy E, Muaka W, Manyiri P, Zinga M, Kweka EJ, Mnyone LL, Heukelbach J. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices about Malaria and Its Control in Rural Northwest Tanzania. SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research, Malaria Research, and Treatment, 2010, doi:10.4061/2010/794261.
18. Forero DA, Chaparro P.E. Vallejo A.F. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of malaria in Colombia. Mal. J. 2014, 13: 165.
19. Appiah-Darkwah I, Badu-Nyarko SK. Knowledge of Malaria Prevention and Control in a Sub-Urban Community in Accra, Ghana. Int. J. Trop. Med, 2011, 6(3):61 - 69.
20. Aniebue N. Introduction to Medical Sociology. Institute for Development Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, 2008.
21. Kimbi HK, Nkesa SB, NdamukongNyanga JL, Sumbele IUN, Atashili J, Atanga MBS. Knowledge and Perceptions towards malaria prevention among vulnerable groups in the Buea Health District, Cameroon. BMC Public Health, 2014.
22. Atulomah ET, Farotimi AA, Atulomah NO. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Malaria Prevention among Expectant Mothers attending Ante-Natal Clinic at
OOUTH Sagamu, Ogun state. acta SATECH, 2014, 5(1): 9-25.
23. Omaka-Omari LN, Nwimo IO. Pregnant Women's Malaria Knowledge in Ebonyi State, South-East Nigeria. Res on Hum and Soc Sci, 2015, Vol 5(10): 165 - 173.
24. Adebayo A, Akinyemi O, Cadmus EO. Knowledge of Malaria Prevention among pregnant women and female caregivers of under-five children in rural
Southwest Nigeria. Peer J 3.e792:Doi10.7717/peerj.792.
25. Federal Ministry of Health. National Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Malaria. National Malaria and Vector Control Division, Abuja, Nigeria, 2011.
26. McCombie SC. Treatment seeking for Malaria: a review of recent research. Soc Sci Med, 1996,43: 933 - 945.
27. Ajibade BL, Alao MT. Mothers action and preferences of treatment of febrile illnesses among under-five-year-old children in Osun State. Biol Agric Healthcare, 2013, 3:148 - 155.
28. Tobin-West C I, Kanu EN. Factors influencing the use of Malaria Prevention Methods among Women of Reproductive Age in Peri-urban communities of Port Harcourt City, Nigeria. Niger Postgrad Med J, 2016, 23: 6 - 11.
How to Cite
Ndibuagu Edmund O, Omotowo Babatunde, Okafor Innocent I. EFFECTS OF FORMAL EDUCATION ON MALARIA KNOWLEDGE AMONG RESIDENTS OF A RURAL COMMUNITY IN ENUGU STATE, SOUTHEAST NIGERIA. Med. res. chronicles [Internet]. 1 [cited 2021Oct.21];4(01):142-50. Available from: https://medrech.com/index.php/medrech/article/view/226
Original Research Article